Dental Implant Placement
An excellent way to gain a completely functional smile and an improved chewing ability, especially for the people who have lost their teeth. This dental surgery is mainly performed to gain the restoration of functional ability, a complete restoration of the dentition with proper mastication, which leads to prevent bone resorption. It is essential to have implants as the support for dental prosthesis such as a bridge, a denture and an artificial tooth.
There are many reasons why a patient may want to consider a fixed implant bridge. The most common is that a person does not have enough bone to hold conventional dental implants. Another reason is that a patient has some remaining tooth structure to support an implant. This can be because of prior tooth loss, periodontal disease, or bone loss due to other causes. In these cases, implants are placed and a fixed implant bridge is fabricated to give the person an esthetically pleasing smile.
If there is insufficient bone for an implant to supporta fixed bridge, a removable implant bridge may be used. Removable bridges can be used in a variety of situations including for patients with inadequate bone, poor bone quality, implant survival issues, or to support restorations that otherwise require minimal force. It is common for the interim bridge to be removable and for the crown to be placed with a second procedure that will permanently implant the crown. The interim bridge or interim restoration must be remade when the crown is permanently placed.
Bone grafting for implant placement, also known as osteoplasty, is performed for several reasons. It is most often performed to provide sufficient bone to support a dental implant. Secondarily, bone grafting may be done to close an open wound in the jaw or to address missing bone in a tooth that does not require an implant. During osteoplasty, a dentist first locates a suitable bone site for grafting and collects a bone graft from the patient’s After collection, the bone is manipulated with a special instrument to shape it for the site. A material called bone graft substitute is often used to fill the prepared bone site. As the graft fills in the site, it is sculpted and shaped to fit the jaw.
There are two types of implant overdentures: One-to-One A tooth implant replaces the tooth crown (or the upper portion of the crown) and the other crown is attached to the implant. The first type is most common and is similar to a bridge but with no metal. Implants on both sides are in the same arch and only one attachment replaces one upper jaw tooth. Two-to-One A tooth implant replaces the tooth crown In this type, the lower arch has two implants and the crown for the second tooth is attached to the first tooth implant and the first tooth implant. This replaces both lower jaw teeth, so it is similar to a bridge but with no metal. Implants on both sides are in the same arch and two attachments replace two upper jaw teeth.
Often less than 3.0 mm, in diameter, Mini implants are similar to regular implants but are smaller. They are used most often when there is inadequate width of bone to place standard sized implants. They may be placed at any location in the oral cavity. They are most often placed in the anterior maxilla for replacing single missing teeth. Small implants are less likely to fracture, but are also more prone to early implant failure. They are usually placed in the esthetic region. This can cause decreased esthetics in the anterior maxilla because of the limited width of the remaining bone.